When considering the overall health and appearance of the mouth, the gums are very important. Soft pink tissue called gums should hug our teeth and keep them healthy. Gum Disease or Periodontal disease ( also known as pyorrhea) is a bacterial infection that infects the gum tissue causing inflammation, redness, swelling, and loss of bone around the teeth. It can affect one tooth or many. Gum Surgery is performed to achieve optimum gingival health around teeth.
Gingival Flap Surgery
This surgery is performed to reduce the periodontal pockets around the tooth. Patients with moderate to severe periodontitis would require this procedure. The procedure involves the separation of the gum tissue from the teeth, followed by deep cleaning with an ultrasonic scaler as well as hand instruments to remove tartar, plaque, and diseased tissue below the pockets.
The procedure is conducted to remove excess gum tissue that may be overgrown on the teeth to provide a better area to clean the teeth or smile designing.
To reshape healthy gum tissue around the teeth to make them look better. Gingivoplasty is recommended for patients who have asymmetrical or irregular gingival margins that help create the shapes of their teeth. Gingivoplasty is also an option for patients with abnormally short teeth, large gums, or a gummy smile.
It's an aesthetic surgery where the melanin pigmentation in the uppermost layer of gum is removed surgically or by laser, inducing new growth. It's a non-invasive or minimally invasive procedure with no discomfort and excellent healing.
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Commonly Asked Questions
How did my Gums got infected?
Our mouth has certain kinds of bacteria, fungi, and other micro-organisms. The bacteria multiply, forming dental plaque around teeth. Deposited plaque causes gum inflammation and periodontal diseases.
How Long Does It Take to Heal After a Gum surgery?
The procedure starts with anesthetic gel followed by local anesthesia on the gingival tissue and is completed conventionally with a blade or with a soft tissue laser which reshapes or removes the gingival tissue quickly. There is no postoperative discomfort and gingival tissue return to normal form in 5 to 7 days.
What is the treatment for dark or pigmented gums?
Pigmented gums occur due to excessive melanin deposition which can be easily removed with Dental Laser without any post-operative discomfort. Its a non-invasive procedure and improves the aesthetics of gums.
How to maintain Gums health after Surgery?
Maintain proper oral hygiene, regular flossing, and using a toothbrush with soft bristles. Always rinse with an antibacterial mouthwash to maintain tissue formation.
What is the cost of the gum depigmentation procedure?
The cost depends on the extent of pigmentation and appointments required to achieve desired results.